Let’s get on the bus and start our journey to Abu Simbel temples
Deep into the Nubian Desert lies the biggest and many would say the most impressive temple in all of Egypt, Abu Simbel. Carved out of a mountainside its façade features four massive statues standing 20 meters high at its entrance leaving visitors amazed and then puzzled as to how such a magnificent construction could have been achieved. This was the reaction that Ramses II had planned from the start. He wanted to warn his neighbors to the south in the land of Nubia just how powerful a Pharaoh he was. Ramses did not forget his beloved wife Nefertari and constructed a second equally impressive temple close by dedicated to her. The two temples together form a complex which is a UNESCO world heritage site and is worth stating again, one of the most impressive sites that one could ever see. After the construction of the high dam in 1968 the temples of Abu Simbel were under threat of being submerged by the rising water building up to create a massive artificial lake, now known as lake Nasser. Then UNESCO launched a worldwide campaign to save and relocate the temples to its current location by cutting it into pieces and placing them back together in an artificial domed shape Hill 65m above and 200m from the new water level. One of the most extraordinary facts of the temple of Abu Simble and what makes it a unique temple and a miracle in itself is the Solar Phenomena. Inside the holy of the holy which is the inner most hall of the temple, there are rock cut sculptures of four seated figures: Ra-Horakhty, the deified king Ramsis, and the Gods Amun Ra and Ptah. It is believed that the axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that on October 21 and February 21, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the four sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the God connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. These dates are allegedly the king's birthday and coronation day respectively.
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